Tall Oil Fatty Acid Price Index (TOFA) - businessanalytiq (2023)

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High Oil Fatty Acids (TOFA) Price Index.

This release is a summary of global trends in tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) prices. World price trends for tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) are shown in US dollars converted at exchange rates prevailing at the time the price was valid. The development of the price index for tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) is calculated from several separate data sources to ensure statistical accuracy.

The Global Liquefied Resin Fatty Acids (TOFA) Price Outlook on the second tab is generated from various inputs including:

  • Recent evolution of prices of immediate cost factors of world market prices for tall oil fatty acids (TOFA)
  • Recent developments in the underlying commodity prices driving the price of tall oil fatty acid (TOFA).
  • Futures Market for Cost Units and Commodities of Global Prices of Liquid Rosin Fatty Acids (TOFA)
  • Adjusting the current imbalances between supply and demand in the Liquid Rosin Fatty Acids (TOFA) market.
  • Long-term trends in likely demand conditions

See the Tall Oil Fatty Acids (TOFA) pricing table for more information.

what is tofa

Tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) is a by-product of the pulp and paper industry, obtained from the acidification of crude tall oil. Tall oil is a by-product of the kraft pulping process used to make paper and other wood products.

TOFA is a mixture of fatty acids composed primarily of oleic, linoleic and resin acids. The exact composition of TOFA can vary depending on the source and processing conditions, but typically contains 30-40% oleic acid, 35-50% linoleic acid, and 10-25% resin acids.

TOFA has a wide range of industrial uses, including as a raw material for the manufacture of alkyd resins, adhesives and lubricants. It can also be used as an emollient and surfactant in various formulations.

TOFA is valued for its renewable and sustainable nature as it is derived from a by-product of the pulp and paper industry rather than petroleum. It is also biodegradable and has low toxicity, making it a greener alternative to many petrochemicals.

What is TOFA used for?

High oil fatty acid (TOFA) is a versatile chemical that has a wide range of industrial uses. Here are some of the most common uses of TOFA:


TOFA is used as a raw material in the production of hot melt adhesives, pressure sensitive adhesives and other types of adhesives. TOFA-based adhesives have good adhesion, peel strength and shear strength.


TOFA is used as a base oil in the manufacture of industrial lubricants such as metalworking fluids and hydraulic fluids. TOFA-based lubricants have good oxidation stability, a high viscosity index, and good low-temperature properties.


TOFA is used as a surfactant in various formulations such as emulsifiers, wetting agents and dispersing agents. TOFA-based surfactants have good surface tension reducing and foaming properties.

chemical intermediates

TOFA can be processed into a variety of chemical intermediates such as B. dimer acids, which are used as raw materials for the production of polyamides, polyester resins and other chemicals.


TOFA is used in the mining industry as a flotation agent, helping to separate minerals from other materials during the extraction process.

animal feeding

TOFA is sometimes used as a feed supplement for livestock because it is a source of essential fatty acids.


TOFA is a basic raw material for the production of alkyd resins used in paints, coatings and varnishes. TOFA based alkyds have good adhesion, gloss and durability properties.

Other industrial applications

TOFA is also used in a variety of other industrial applications, including drilling fluids, metalworking fluids, and as a feedstock for biodiesel production.

Generally, TOFA is valued for its renewable and sustainable nature as it is derived from a by-product of the pulp and paper industry rather than petroleum. It is also biodegradable and has low toxicity, making it a greener alternative to many petrochemicals.

How TOFA is made

Tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) is produced as a by-product of the kraft pulping process used to make paper and other wood-based products. Here are the general steps in making TOFA:

pulp and paper manufacture

Wood chips are cooked with chemicals in a large container called a cooker to separate the cellulosic fibers from lignin and other non-cellulosic materials. The resulting pulp is then washed, screened and bleached to produce high quality paper products.

high oil yield

Tall oil is a by-product of the pulping process that is recovered from black liquor, a waste stream generated during the pulping process. Black liquor is processed to extract tall oil, which contains a mixture of fatty acids, resin acids, and other components.


The crude tall oil then undergoes a process called acidification, in which it is treated with sulfuric acid or other acid catalysts to break the tall oil down into its individual components. This process results in the separation of fatty acids from resin acids and other non-fatty acid components.


The crude TOFA is then fractionated to separate the individual fatty acids by distillation. The resulting TOFA contains a mixture of fatty acids, mainly oleic, linoleic and resin acids.


The TOFA is then purified by further distillation, crystallization, or other methods to remove impurities or unwanted components.

The resulting TOFA is a valuable raw material that can be processed into a variety of industrial products, as detailed in my previous answer.

What Drives the Cost of Tall Oil Fatty Acids?

The cost of liquid rosin fatty acid (TOFA) can be affected by a variety of factors, including:

raw material costs

The cost of crude tall oil, which is the main raw material used to make TOFA, can also affect the cost of TOFA. Crude tall oil price can be affected by factors such as changes in pulp price, availability of alternative raw materials and changes in transportation costs.

handling costs

The cost of processing crude tall oil into TOFA can also impact the final cost of the product. This can include the cost of acidification, fractionation and purification processes, as well as energy and labor costs associated with production.

environmental regulations

Environmental regulations such as B. related to emissions, wastewater and waste disposal, can affect the manufacturing costs of TOFA. Compliance with these regulations can add additional costs to the production process.

In general, the cost of TOFA can be affected by a variety of complex factors, including internal and external factors related to production, supply and demand, environmental and regulatory considerations.

Which countries produce the most TOFA?

High Oil Fatty Acid (TOFA) is primarily produced in countries with significant pulp and paper industries, as TOFA is a by-product of the Kraft pulping process. These are some of the main TOFA producing countries:


The United States is one of the largest producers of TOFA, with most production concentrated in the southern states. The United States is also a major consumer of TOFA-based products, particularly in the coatings and adhesives industries.

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Canada is another major producer of TOFA, with most production concentrated in the provinces of Quebec and Ontario. The Canadian pulp and paper industry is also a major consumer of TOFA-based products.


Sweden is a major producer of pulp and paper products and also a major producer of TOFA. The country has a long tradition of using liquid resin as a raw material to manufacture chemicals and other industrial products.


Finland is another important producer of pulp and paper products and also a significant producer of TOFA. The country has a strong focus on sustainability and renewable resources, making TOFA a natural choice as a raw material for many industries.


Brazil has a growing pulp and paper industry and is also a major producer of TOFA. The country has invested in new technologies to improve the efficiency and sustainability of its pulp and paper production, which should also spur growth in TOFA production.

Other countries that produce significant amounts of TOFA are Norway, Russia and Germany. The global TOFA market is expected to continue growing in the coming years, driven by the increasing demand for renewable and sustainable raw materials.

TOFA market information

The global tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) market is expected to continue growing in the coming years, driven by increasing demand for renewable and sustainable raw materials. Although there are no exact figures for the market size of TOFA, some estimates are available.

According to a report by MarketsandMarkets, the global market size of tall oil fatty acids was estimated at US$821 million in 2020 and is projected to reach US$1.1 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 6.1% over the forecast period. The report highlights the growing demand for TOFA in end-use industries such as coatings, adhesives and inks, and its increasing use as a renewable source of chemicals and materials.

Another report by Mordor Intelligence estimates that the global market for tall oil fatty acids was valued at US$762.05 million in 2020 and is projected to reach US$1.02 billion by 2026, with a CAGR of 4.8% over the past year. The report highlights the growing demand for TOFA-based products in the construction, automotive and textile industries and their use as a bio-based alternative to petroleum-based chemicals.

Overall, the global TOFA market is expected to continue growing in the coming years, driven by increasing demand for sustainable and renewable raw materials and their increasing use in a variety of end-use industries.

In accordance withhttps://oec.world/:

High oil fatty acidsThey are the 3417 most traded product in the world.

In 2020, the main exporters ofHigh oil fatty acidsThey areUSA($68 million),Finland($63.9 million),Sweden($39.7 million),Netherlands($25.7 million) andFrance($20.2 million).

In 2020, the main importers ofHigh oil fatty acidsThey areNetherlands($19.9 million),Deutschland($15.9 million),Sweden($14.8 million),Russia($13.5 million) andFrance($13 million).

Other information


What is Tofa fatty acid? ›

Tall Oil Fatty Acid (TOFA) is Forchem's classic Tall Oil (CTO) product that is very pure fatty acid with a low level of rosin acids and a low level of unsaponifiables through our optimum distillation process. Forchem TOFA is used to satisfy the demands of today's environmentally aware consumers and global markets.

What is the price index of fatty acids? ›

Basic Info. US Producer Price Index: All Other Basic Organic Chemical Manufacturing: Fatty Acids is at a current level of 379.18, up from 276.88 one year ago.

What are the fatty acids of tall oil? ›

As a UVCB substance, the composition of a fatty acid, tall oil (CAS No. 61790-12-3) is: 1% palmitic acid, 2% stearic acid, 48% oleic acid, 35% linoleic acid, 7% conjugated linoleic acid, 4% other acids and 2% unsaponifiable matter (HPVIS). Fatty acids, tall oil is readily biodegradable.

What is the other name for tall oil fatty acid? ›

Tall oil, also called liquid rosin or tallol, is a viscous yellow-black odorous liquid obtained as a by-product of the kraft process of wood pulp manufacture when pulping mainly coniferous trees.

What products are made from tall oil? ›

tall oil, dark, odorous liquid by-product of the sulfate (kraft) process of paper manufacture, used after refining to make coatings, sizing for paper, paint, varnish, linoleum, drying oils, emulsions, lubricants, and soaps.

What does Tofa stand for? ›

The TOFA rules provide for the tax treatment of gains and losses on financial arrangements.

Why is it called tall oil? ›

Kraton CTO is a byproduct of pine wood pulping (Kraft process) used by many paper mills. The term “tall” originated from the Swedish term for pine trees. The pulpwood is delivered to pulp mills and is chipped and boiled with an alkali solution to produce black liquor and pulp.

What is the composition of TOFA fatty acids? ›

TOFA of good quality and color of Gardner 2 corresponds to above 97% fatty acids with the composition of 1.6% palmitic & stearic acid, 49.3% oleic acid, 45.1% linoleic acid, 1.1% miscellaneous acids, 1.2% rosin acids, and 1.7% unsaponifiables.

What are the names of the 3 types of fatty acids? ›

Fatty acids can be divided into four general categories: saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and trans fats.

What are the three major price indexes? ›

These include the GDP Deflator, the Producer Price Index and the Employment Cost Index.

How to calculate price index? ›

To calculate the Price Index, take the price of the Market Basket of the year of interest and divide by the price of the Market Basket of the base year, then multiply by 100.

What is price index formula? ›

The consumer price index formula is: Cost of products or services in a current period / cost of products or services in a previous time period x 100 = consumer price index.

Is tall oil fatty acid hazardous? ›

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

1200 Appendix A) : Not hazardous. GHS physical hazard : None. GHS health hazard : None.

What is the density of tall oil fatty acids? ›

Relative Density: 0.942 at 20.0 ± 0.5ºC (OECD 109).

How is tall oil produced? ›

Tall oil can be extracted from pine, spruce and birch. During the pulping process resinous substances in the wood are dissolved and form calcium soaps. This soap is skimmed from the black liquor and subsequently washed and acidified to form crude tall oil.

What is tall oil pitch used for? ›

Tall Oil Pitch is made by distilling the tall oil which is the byproduct of sulphate pulp mill, contain lower boiling alcohol, ethers and palmitic acids. It is used as an emulsifier in SBR polymerization for fluidity increasing. It is used in ore flotation, corrosion inhibitors and crude dimers applications.

What oils have long chain fatty acids? ›

Long-chain fatty acids are those with 14 or more carbons. They're found in most fats and oils, including olive oil, soybean oil, fish, nuts, avocado, and meat. Saturated long-chain fats are found in dairy fat, coconut oil, palm kernel oil, peanut oil, and other vegetable oils.

What is the heaviest oil in the world? ›

Bitumen is the heaviest, thickest form of petroleum.

What is the temperature of tall oil? ›

4.1 Flash Point: >250°F C.C.

Is tall oil flammable? ›

H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction. Warning: The health hazards of this product should be low under normal industrial and commercial uses. This product will bum when exposed to heat, spark, or flames. After prolonged contact with porous materials, this product may spontaneously oxidize (combust).

What is the solubility of Tofa? ›

TOFA has a solubility of approximately 0.5 mg/ml in a 1:1 solution of DMF:PBS (pH 7.2) using this method. We do not recommend storing the aqueous solution for more than one day.

How do you calculate fatty acid composition? ›

The relative abundance of each fatty acid can be calculated by dividing the concentration of each individual fatty acid by the total fatty acid content.

What fatty acid is c18 1n9? ›

Elaidic acid, also known as trans-9-octadecenoic acid or elaidate, is a member of the class of compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. Long-chain fatty acids are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms.

Is it better to have high EPA or high DHA? ›

If your goal is to dampen or prevent inflammation—aches, pain, swelling—then standard fish oils or a fish oil with more EPA may be desirable. However, if you want to improve brain function, then consider a fish oil with a higher concentration of DHA.

What foods have high omega-3? ›

What foods provide omega-3s?
  • Fish and other seafood (especially cold-water fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel, tuna, herring, and sardines)
  • Nuts and seeds (such as flaxseed, chia seeds, and walnuts)
  • Plant oils (such as flaxseed oil, soybean oil, and canola oil)
Jul 18, 2022

What does C18 1 mean? ›

C18:0 means that the carbon chain of the fatty acid consists of 18 carbon atoms and there are no (zero) double bonds in it, whereas C18:1 describes an 18-carbon chain with one double bond in it.

Where does Tofa come from? ›

Tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) are derived from the stumps of pine trees.

What is the function of thioesterase in fatty acid synthesis? ›

Thioesterases remove the fatty acyl moiety from the fatty acyl-acyl carrier proteins (ACPs), releasing them as free fatty acids (FFAs). They play an essential role in chain termination during de novo fatty acid synthesis and have been proven to be important in fatty acid bioengineering [1].

Is Nefa fatty acid diabetes? ›

OBJECTIVE. Chronically high nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) are a marker of metabolic dysfunction and likely increase risk of type 2 diabetes. By comparison, n-3 fatty acids (FAs) have been shown to have various health benefits and may protect against disease development.

What is the composition of tall oil pitch? ›

Generally, tall-oil pitch comprises 23-38 % esters of fatty acids, together with different wood alcohols, and less than 15 % free carboxylic acids (primarily fatty acids and resin acids), and the remainder of the tall-oil pitch composition comprises different neutral materials, such as wood alcohols.

What is the boiling point of tall oil fatty acid? ›

Boiling point : > 300°C.

Why is fatty acid synthase important? ›

Fatty acid synthase (FASN) functions as a central regulator of lipid metabolism and plays a critical role in the growth and survival of tumors with lipogenic phenotypes. Accumulating evidence has shown that it is capable of rewiring tumor cells for greater energy flexibility to attain their high energy requirements.

What regulates fatty acid synthase expression? ›

Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is a key enzyme of hepatic lipogenesis responsible for the synthesis of long-chain saturated fatty acids. This enzyme is mainly regulated at the transcriptional level by nutrients and hormones.

What is fatty acid synthase activated by? ›

Regulation of fatty acid synthesis

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is the regulatory enzyme for fatty acid synthesis. This enzyme is regulated both allosterically and through covalent modification. It is allosterically activated by high levels of citrate and inhibited by its product, fatty acyl-CoA.

What causes an increase in NEFA concentration? ›

Elevated NEFA concentrations in obesity are thought to arise from an increased adipose tissue mass.

Are free fatty acids the same as NEFA? ›

NEFA or free fatty acids are fundamental units in the structure of lipids in membranes and lipoproteins. NEFA are an important source of energy for the heart and for aerobically conditioned skeletal muscle.

What is the difference between FFA and NEFA? ›

FFAs are also known as non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs). The transport of FFAs in blood is facilitated by albumin. FFAs are considered to be the most metabolically active lipids in blood. Abnormalities in lipoprotein metabolism generally occur at the site of their production, or the site of their destruction.


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